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UFOs A to Z: M.

Click! Maarup, Evald
Click! MacArthur, Douglas
Click! Maccabee, Bruce
Click! Mackenzie, J.C. Dr.
Click! Macvey, John
Click! Mainbrace
Click! Majestic
Click! Maldek
Click! Malstev, Igor
Cliquez! Manning, Robert F.
Click! Manoeuvre
Click! Mantell
Click! Mariana, footage
Click! Marfa lights
Click! Mars (the face)
Click! McAshan, James, Lt. Col.
Click! McCage, Gladys
Click! McDivitt, James
Clickz! McKay, Henri
Click! McKinnon, Gary
Click! Menzel, Howard
Click! Men in Black
Click! Michel, Aimé
Click! Michalak, Stefan
Click! Missing time
Click! MJ 12
Click! Mitchell, Helen and Betty
Click! Mogul
Click! Moigne Downs (sighting)
Click! Monon 1958
Click! Montana footage
Click! Moc (Mystérieux Objets Célestes)
Click! Montauk
Click! Moon
Click! Moondust
Click! Moore, Olden
Click! Moore, William
Click! Morrison, Philip
Click! MUFON

Maarup, Evald

In 1970, Danish policeman Evald Maarup, driving his patrol car, found himself under a UFOs which projected then retracted a light. His car engine failed and the radio did not function anymore. He was able to take some photographs, unfortunately not revealing further details.

MacArthur, Douglas, General

A famous US Army General, Douglas MacArthur (1884-1964) is said to have been involved in a very early UFO research project called the Interplanetary Phenomenon Unit (IPU), that was allegedly formed to investigate UFOs or study captured UFOs before the official Air Force investigation Project Sign started. In 1955 he made a surprising statement printed in the New York Times for October 8, 1955, saying that "because of the developments of science, all the countries on earth will have to unite to survive and to make a common front against attack by people from other planets. The politics of the future will be cosmic, or interplanetary." He is also said to have made the following statement, quite unorganized, in an address to the United States Military Academy at West Point, on May 12, 1962: "You now face a new world - a world of change. The thrust into outer space of the satellite, spheres and missiles marked the beginning of another epoch in the long story of mankind - the chapter of the space age... We speak in strange terms: of harnessing the cosmic energy... of the primary target in war, no longer limited to the armed forces of an enemy, but instead to include his civil populations; of ultimate conflict between a united human race and the sinister forces of some other planetary galaxy..."

Maccabee, Bruce S., Ph.D.

Bruce Maccabee studied physics at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Massachussetts (B.S. in physics) and then at The American University, Washington, DC (M.S. and Ph. D. in physics). In 1972 commenced his long career at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, presently headquartered at Dahlgren, Virginia. He has worked on optical data processing, generation of underwater sound with lasers and various aspects of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) using high power lasers.

He has been active in UFO research since late 1960s when he joined the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) and was active in research and investigation for NICAP until its demise in 1980. He became a member of MUFON in 1975 and was subsequently appointed to the position of state Director for Maryland, a position he still holds. In 1979 he was instrumental in establishing the Fund for UFO Research and was the chairman for the about 13 years.


His UFO research and investigations have included the Kenneth Arnold sighting, the McMinnville, Oregon photos of 1950, the Gemini 11 astronaut photos of September, 1966, the New Zealand sightings of December, 1978, the Japan Airlines sighting of November 1986, the numerous sightings of Ed Walters and others in Gulf Breeze, Florida, 1987 - 1988, the "red bubba" sightings, 1990-1992, including his own sighting in September, 1991, the Mexico City video of August, 1997, the Phoenix lights sightings of March 13, 1997 at 10 PM and many others. He has also done historical research and was the first to obtain the "flying disc file" of the FBI.

He has authored numerous articles about UFOs over the last 25 years, many which appeared in the MUFON Journal and MUFON Symposium proceedings. He wrote the last chapter of "The Gulf Breeze Sightings" by Edward and Frances Walters (Morrow, 1990). He wrote the UFO history chapter of the book "UFOs: Zeugen und Zeichen," published in Germany in 1995. He is co-author with Edward Walters of "UFOs Are Real, Here's The Proof," (Avon Books, 1997), he is the author of "The UFO/FBI Connection" (Llewellyn Books, May, 2000).

MacKenzie, J.C. Dr.

Dr J. C. Mackenzie was the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Control Board and a former president of the National Research Council of Canada. In January 1952 the Canadian establishment indicated its serious concern with the UFO phenomenon by a number of announcements. That's when MacKenzie stated: "It seemed fantastic that there could be any such thing. At first the temptation was to say it was all nonsense, a series of optical illusions. But there have been so many reports from responsible observers that they cannot be ignored. It seems hardly possible that all these reports could be due to optical illusions."

Macvey, John

John Macvey is a Scottish astronomer, author of "How We Will Reach the Stars" in 1969, "Where Will We Go When the Sun Dies?" in 1989. In his 1979 book "Whispers from Space", he narrates his own UFO sighting and urges on a opened mind on extraterrestrial visits which he suspects have occurred many times although evidence is difficult to present as it is beyond our comprehension capability. He also alerted SETI members on a radio signal of intelligent extraterrestrial origin captured in the 1920's which is said to have come from the star Epsilon Bootis about 13,000 years ago to contact mankind, according to a paper published by the British Interplanetary Society in the early 1970s and later in the Journal of the Society of Electronic and Radio Technicians and also with the title "Epsilon Bootis revisited" in the March 1998 issue of Analog.



The highest security level known, higher than the Atom Bomb and effectively thirty-eight levels higher than Top Secret due to the compartmentalization of information. There are allegedly over thirty compartments of Top Secret which means that if you have a Top Secret clearance, it doesn't mean that you have access to all Top Secret documents, you must require the "need to know". Documents that require the "need to know" are classified as Top Secret xxx, where xxx can be any one of over thirty code names. Documents about S-4, Area 51 happenings are classed as "Majestic".


Claimed name for what was supposed to have been the fifth planet from our sun, it is now the asteroid belt. This is where our moon was first orbiting, after it was taken from Chauta in Ursa Minor (the idea about the moon does not fit any scientific data). "Watcher" interprets the bible and says this was a planet of Elohim (rebel angels) that was destroyed by God. In Science magazine, Oct 1987, Drs. Cruikshank and Brown discovered organic compounds on 3 asteroids. "Watcher" also says the bible refers to this planet as Rahab. For the astronomers, the notion that the asteroids belt is the remain of an exploded plant does not hold. They are bodies that did not gather into a planet because of the influence of Jupiter.

Maltsev, Igor

General Igor Maltsev reported that he had reports of "more than 100 visual observations" compiled by commanders of several air defense units of the Moscow Military District of a UFO which has been seen in the area of Pereslavl-Zalesskiy in the northeast of Moscow on March 21, 1990.

Maltsev included with his report to the newspaper five testimonials, including a report by a pilot who flew over the object and a report from a ground radar tracking station. The pilot saw only two lights and a dimly perceived silhouette of the object against city lights. The radar station reported a sighting of a rapidly moving, shining object with red lights and another with white lights that followed the first. The report included times, azimuths and distances of the reported objects. Maltsev said that his supposition was that it was an extraterrestrial craft.

Manoeuvre (MA rating)

See Vallée Classification system.


Captain Mantell of the US Air National Guard died at age 25, while chasing an alleged unidentified flying object at a too high altitude. Though it was said it was a flying saucer, or planet Venus, it was actually a little known Navy giant Skyhook balloon.


Operation Mainbrace was a NATO military manoeuver during which naval and air forces of several NATO countries spotted UFOs on several occasions in the vicinity of Denmark & Norway, September, 1952.

Mariana footage

A famous UFOs color 16 mm filming by Nick Mariana in 1950 in Montana, USA. Here is a complete dossier about this case.

Marfa lights

Marfa lights are balls of lights that appear, change different colors and dance around in the air. These lights where named after the town that they have been appearing in, Marfa Texas. They have also been seen in other areas. Some theories as to what they are include Ball lighting, Car headlights, and Alien space ships. The last current sighting seems to have occurred in Marfa Texas on September 1 1992. A small booklet on the Marfa Lights has been written by Dennis Stacey, editor of the MUFON Journal, discussing many of the cases and the theories.

Mars (the face)

There is a structure on Mars which looks like a face. There are also other pyramid-shaped structures, some researchers argued can't be natural, in the area on Mars known as Cydonia. The relationship of the distance between the face and pyramids is said to be exactly the same as the Sphinx and pyramids here on earth. But the pyramids on Mars have five sides not four like those in Egypt. Once NASS obtained and released better images, the whole appeared very natural.

McAshan, James, Lt.Col.

Lieutenant-Colonel James McAshan, former World War II bomber pilot, was one of a number of United States Air Force officers opposed to the official policy of debunking and cover-up. He stated, "In concealing the evidence of UFO operations, the Air Force is making a serious mistake" and "Flying saucers are real. Too many good men have seen them, that don't have hallucinations."

McCage, Gladys

In fall 1946 Gladys McCage was carrying milk buckets with her 4 years old son in the evening on her farm near O'Neill, Nebraska, USA, when she saw a yellowish orange light heading in their direction from the northwest at a "terrific speed" she said was too fast for a 1946 airplane. She said the light turned red, then stopped and hovered almost directly above head. She looked at it and described it as huge, wingless, cigar shaped, and "it would have filled a football field." She had the sensation of a vacuum pulling her upwards. The object had windows and made a lot of noise. The boy was terrified and threw himself on the ground. Her mum dropped the milk buckets, grabbed him and rushed towards the farm. As she did so, the object shot off towards the northeast.

McDivitt, James

During Gemini 4's flight in June 1965, US astronaut James McDivitt reported seeing the appearance of a cylindrical-shaped object outside the spacecraft. Although much has been made of this report, McDivitt has stated that it is not believed it was anomalous, i.e. that it was an object he simply could not identify at the time, a UFO in the strict meaning of the expression and not necessarily an alien spaceship. Conversely, when UFO debunkers started to claim that he saw nothing, he countered that he did see a UFO. In August 1969, he became Manager of the Apollo Spacecraft Program and was the program manager for Apollo 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16.

McKay, Henri

Ufologist Henry McKay was a Canadian MUFON Director, and passed away in April 2007 at age 80. He edited The CUFORN Bulletin, Canada's Oldest UFO Newsletter. Some of the cases in the book "The Missing Seven Hours", by David Haisell, are based on his field investigation.

McKinnon, Gary

Gary McKinnon was a computer system administrator that lost his job and decided to intrude US military and governmental computer systems to find evidence about an extraterrestrial presence there, quoting the "Disclosure Project" of Dr. Greer as having inspired him, together with pot of which he said he made intensive use.

He was tracked down and arrested by the British "National Hi-Tech Crime Links" under the terms of the "Computer Misuse Act", and his punishment was hardly more than to be confined home and forbidden to touch computers again. However, US justice was less understanding and wants him sent to the US.

He claimed that on one US computer system he hacked, he saw a "photograph" of "something" in "low resolution" which according to him was "in the shape of cigar, floating on the northern hemisphere" and of which he said to be convinced that it could only be an extraterrestrial spaceship.

But when he was asked to show the image, he said that he had been so amazed and excited when he found it that he forgot to download it.

He also claimed to have seen a military listing with people who had ranks of the kind "space captain"; and that this suggests that the United States has a fleet of piloted military spacecraft.

Menzel, Howard

Howard Menzel (1901-1976) was a well-known American astronomer who has been "debunking" UFO sighting reports for almost twenty-five years, authoring of three books and writing numerous articles which attempted to explain UFO phenomena as a combination of confusions of natural and man-made phenomena and hoaxes. Planets, stars, meteors, aircraft, balloons, mirage, temperature inversions were advanced as always confusing naive or well-trained observers. While some of his remarks were reasonable, and while he certainly had the technical background to evaluate astronomical confusions, he conducted almost no personal field checks and limited himself to more theoretical explanations, among which some were clearly pseudo-scientific, based on atmospheric phenomena that could not exist when examined in a quantitative manner. He considered any explanation more probable than extraterrestrial visitation which he said will never be proven, and thought that travel across interstellar distances to Earth was probably impossible.

He was constantly fighting against ufologist, often accusing them to invent data, and also critical of the US Air Force UFO investigators, whom he felt often ignored his explanations, while the latter protested that he never actually seriously checked the data.


Menzel taught astronomy at the University of Iowa (1924-1925) and Ohio State University (1925-1926) and worked at the Lick Observatory of the University of California (1926-32). He then joined the faculty at Harvard University as an assistant professor of astronomy (1932-1935), later becoming associate (1935-1938) and full professor (1938-1971) of astrophysics, and Paine Professor of Practical Astronomy (1956-1971). He served as head of the astronomy department (1946-1949), and associate director (1946-1954), acting director (1952-1954), and director (1954-1956) of the Harvard College Observatory. He was also affiliated with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (1966-1971) and was president of the American Astronomical Society (1954-1956).

Men In Black

People who dress up in black suits and travel around in sleek shiny black cars and helicopters threatening UFO witnesses, to keep them quiet about their experiences. No one is quite sure who the MIBs are or who they represent, the government or the aliens.

Michel, Aimé

Aimé Michel (1919-1992) attended the universities of Aix, Grenoble, and Marseilles, where he studied the theory of sound, musical harmony, and various instruments. He earned a license in philosophy and letters. He worked at the short-wave service of National Radio Broadcasting from 1944 to 1958 and with the Research Service of the French Radio-Television Office from 1958 to 1975. He has been a writer specializing in the topic of animal communication from 1954 to 1965, during which time he published several articles.


He became well known in French and US ufology for his book "The Truth About flying Saucers" (1954) and "Mystérieux Objets Célestes" in 1958 on the French UFO flap of 1954, in which he noted that sightings occurring on the same day are often arranged along straight lines. He also served as an overseas consultant to the British Plying Saucer Review. His involvement with the topic dates from the postwar Scandinavian ghost rocket wave and he retired from ufology in 1975.

Missing Time

Some people say that after they experienced a UFO sighting, they realized that a period of time had passed which they cannot account for, sometimes minutes, hours, or even days. This is what is referred to as "missing time" by ufologists.

MJ 12

The MJ-12 (standing for "Majestic Twelve") mystery was sparked off with the 1987 publication of an alleged briefing document from ex-US President Truman to President-Elect Eisenhower in November 1953. The document dealt with government knowledge about UFOs, aliens, and above Top Secret projects. It listed the twelve members as Dr Lloyd Berkner, Dr Detlev Bronk, Dr Vannevar Bush, James Forrestal, Gordon Gray, Vice Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter, Dr Jerome Hunsaker, Dr Donald Menzel, General Robert Montague, Rear Admiral Sidney Souers, General Nathan Twining and General Hoyt Vandenberg. James Forrestal had a mental breakdown and committed suicide in 1949 and was replaced by General Walter Smith. MJ-12 (also known as Majic-12, Majority-12, Majesty-12) is allegedly a Top Secret research and development/intelligence operation set up by and answerable to the US President. All thirteen members had died by the time the briefing document was publicized, so none of the details could be checked out. What could be verified was the document's authenticity, and when it was found that the signature on the briefing document was identical in ratio to a 1947 memo from President Truman to Vannevar Bush and the briefing document was proved to be a fake. However the MJ-12 controversy still rumbled on with people saying that although the document has been proved to be a piece of disinformation, parts of it must therefore be true. The document touched upon the Roswell case, as well as projects Sign, Grudge and Blue Book and Kenneth Arnold's sighting of nine flying saucers, all of which have been proved to be true by UFO researchers. Ufologists were split as to whether there ever was a Majestic 12. When Robert Lazar revealed that his work was classified as Majestic, it added weight to the opinion that there may have indeed been such an organization. Opinions differ as to what MJ-12 could be if it exists, some say it was a simple committee that evaluated the UFO reports that were siphoned out of project Blue Book, while others say that they are running the CIA, FBI, the world's drugs market and are planning to take over the world and rule in partnership with the Greys.

Mitchell, Helen and Betty:

Helen and Betty Mitchell are two sisters of Saint-Louis, Missouri, USA who wrote a 15 pages booklet in 1959 titled "We Met the Space People", published by "Saucerian Books", Mothman, Men in Black, and other crackpot stories enthusiast Gray Barker's publishing company. In the book, the Mitchell sisters made ridiculous claims about having met extraterrestrials from Mars and Venus who look just like us and told them that humanity should stop building atomic warheads otherwise we will suffer the "same fate as our ancestors from Atlantis."

MOC (Mystérieux objets célestes)

Abbreviation of "Mystérieux objets célestes" i.e. Mysterious Heavenly Objects," expression coined by the French pioneer ufologist Aimé Michel whose first book was so titled. The same term was used by Jacques Vallée in his study "Les Phénomènes Insolites de l'Espace" in the form "MOC phenomenon." The expression was also recurrent in the French ufology magazine "Lumières Dans La Nuit."



A secret US military project to use weather balloons to detect soviet nuclear tests by measuring their low frequency sounds in the atmosphere. Mogul served as an "official explanation" to the debris found in Roswell in 1947, though the balloon was not secret in itself, and though none of the witnesses who handled the debris could have possibly confused weather balloon debris with pieces of alien craft.

Moigne Downs (sighting)

During the British UFO wave of 1967, former RAF intelligence officer J.B.W. "Angus" Brooks was walking his dogs in the early morning of October 26 at Moigne Downs in Dorset, when he saw an object descending at phenomenal speed before suddenly leveling out at a height of approximately 250 feet, some quarter of a mile from where he was positioned. He described the object as a central circular body with a leading fuselage in the front and three separate fuselages at the rear. The three rear fuselages moved so that with the fourth fuselage, they formed a cross shape. Brooks said he saw no obvious power units and heard no noise, and despite a very strong wind, up to Force 8, the object remained motionless for over twenty minutes. One of his dogs became panicked and frantically pawed at him, disobeying his commands to sit.

The case became one example of the often utterly silly explanations provided by "skeptics", when team of researchers from the Ministry of Defence, Dr John Dickison of the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough, Leslie Akhurst from S4 (Air) and Alec Cassie, a psychologist, interviewed Brooks and then said despite all Brooks' protest, that that he only saw a vitreous floater in the fluid of his eyeball, and that he fell asleep or entering a near sleep state and dreamt the sighting.

Monon 1958

A Monon Railroad freight train was proceeding through Clinton County, Central Indiana, October 3, 1958. About 3:10 a.m. a formation of four odd white lights crossed ahead of the train. The UFOs turned and traversed the full length of the train, front to back (about a half mile) observed by the entire crew.

After passing the rear of the train, the objects swung east, turned back and followed the train. The bright glow concealed the exact shape of the UFOs, but they appeared flattened and sometimes flew on edge. Operating part of the time in-line abreast with coordinated motions, the objects followed the train until the conductor shone a bright light on them. Immediately, the UFOs sped away, but returned quickly and continued to pace the train. Total time of observation: about 1 hour 10 minutes. Finally the UFOs moved away to the northeast and disappeared.

The coordinated maneuvers in formation, reaction to a bright beam of light, and pacing of the train, all suggest some form of intelligence.


The Montauk Project, also called the Phoenix Project during some of its phases, was basically a mind-control-using-pulsed-radar program that, allegedly, took place during the 1970's and early '80s at an abandoned Air Force radar base at the southeast tip of Long Island. These doubtful events also included according to various sources time travel experiments, so some people consider the Montauk Project to be a sequel of the rather mythical Philadelphia Experiment.



Project Moondust was the name of teams of intelligence personal of the US Air Force who were in charge of collecting foreign missiles, aircraft and satellites debris and interrogate captured enemy pilots on matters of aeronautics and avionics. It was centered at Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. When Captain Ruppelt, head of Project Blue Book, a UFO investigation project of the US Air Force also located at Dayton needed to get the help of some qualified personal in 1952, he made the deal with Moondust that they would also help in investigating UFO reports.

Moore, Olden

On November 6, 1957 at about 11:20 p.m., plasterer Olden J. Moore, was returning home when he saw a flattened spherical object with a conical projection on top descend toward a field. He pulled up and got out of the car and watched the UFO land, and then and walked toward it and heard a humming or ticking sound. He went away to get other witnesses, but when he returned with his wife the object was gone. Ufologists and the local Civil Defense said there was abnormal radioactivity at the site when they made measurements shortly after the sighting. A local ufologist from the NICAP made landing marks. Though she came too late to see the UFO, Mrs. Moore contacted the sheriff and her husband was then later interviewed by the sheriff, the press, Kenneth Locke, the local Civil Defense Director, and Lt. Colonel Friend of Project Blue Book. Then he reportedly disappeared for a few days and would not say where he had been, but according to ufologist W.C. Fitch he told him privately that had been taken to Washington D.C, by USAF people, for questioning, and an officer had him look a UFO picture taken from a USAF plane which the officer said it was an extraterrestrial craft. When interviewed by Don Berliner of NICAP in 1961, he said that about two weeks after the sighting he had been taken to Youngstown AFB, Ohio, then to Wright-Patterson AFB and flown to an airbase near Washington, D. C. He said that at Washington D. C., he was interviewed about his sighting and given a brief tour of the historic and other sights while in Washington D.C., and after three days he was required to sign a statement that he would not tell anyone where he had been.

Moore, William

Moore is an ex-teacher who chose to go into the writing profession in 1979 and was very involved in an investigation of the 1947 Roswell case. He worked with APRO for a while before accepting a place on the APRO board. He learnt about Paul Bennewitz's claims from fellow board member Jim Lorenzen, but didn't take too great an interest in the case. Whilst he was on a promotional radio show tour promoting his new book "The Roswell Incident", he received phone calls, at two different radio stations, from a nearby Air Force Base sergeant who wanted to meet him. When the first call came, he was too busy, but after the second call, they arranged a meeting and there he met Richard Doty. Doty told him that he (and nine other military people, all ten identified by names of birds) would tell him various 'facts' of what the US government was up to in regard to UFOs if he spied on APRO and passed disinformation on to Paul Bennewitz. Moore complied and was exposed to various Top Secret documents about highly sensitive government projects, including projects Sign, Redlight, Aquarius, Galileo, Pounce and Snowbird. In return, Moore gave Bennewitz doctored documents given to him by Doty. Moore learnt that the US government had indeed worked with aliens in advancing US space technology, and that three EBEs had been kept in various Air Force Bases. In October 1988, Moore went public on the TV show "UFO Cover-Up...Live" with Falcon and Condor who would tell the same stories that they had told Moore. That show was considered to be the most farcical embarrassment ever broadcast due to the fact that the informant's revelations included declarations that the aliens liked Tibetan style music and strawberry ice cream. Moore was devastated, and in the 1989 Mufon annual conference, he confessed that he had passed on disinformation from Doty to Bennewitz in order to investigate deeper into the UFO riddle and revealed that he had spied on various personalities in ufology.

Morrison, Philip

Philip Morrison, (November 7, 1915, Somerville, New Jersey - April 22 2005, Cambridge, Massachusetts) was an astrophysicist and highly skilled professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

He became Bachelor of Science in 1936 at the Carnegie Institute of Technology and obtained a PhD in Theoretical Physics at the Berkeley University in 1940. In 1942, he joined the Manhattan Project as team leader and physicist in the laboratories of the University of Chicago and Los Alamos. He took part in the test of the first atomic bomb. After having seen on location the damages caused by the A bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, he militated against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and joined the Federation of American Scientists (FAS).

Morrison taught at the faculty of physics of Cornell University (1946) then at the MIT (1965). In 1959, Morrison and Giuseppe Cocconi published a theoretical article on the potential of the microwaves to communicate at very long distances. Their conjecture about the ideal frequency for interstellar communication which would be the emission frequency of hydrogen, 1420 MHz, became one of the bases of the SETI project of detection of intelligent extraterrestrial life by radio telescopes.

The Astronomical Society of the Pacific granted him the Klumpke-Roberts Award in 1992.


The Mutual UFO Network was established in 1969 and is the world's largest international UFO organization. It publishes the monthly "MUFON UFO Journal"

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